If you’ve ever been told to “shut up and take your meds” because of a heart attack or other emergency, you may want to think again.
Heart disease is a complex disease that is complicated by the fact that it is largely determined by genetic predisposition, as well as the amount of time you spend on your own, says Dr. Andrew F. Zephyr, professor of medicine and director of the Center for Heart and Lung Research at Vanderbilt University Medical Center.
While some people can manage heart disease in part by controlling their diet and exercising regularly, others, like the elderly and people with chronic disease, can’t control their blood pressure or other risk factors, he says.
And that’s not even including the risk of certain genetic diseases like heart disease.
A valve that leaks is called a leak, or valve-related, heart failure.
It can also occur because of other medical problems like diabetes, heart surgery, or heart failure from a blood clot, Zephyrs team found.
“In the long term, we think valve-induced valve blockage is a very important cause of valve failure,” says Zephrys team’s lead author, Dr. Jonathan F. Mosely, a professor of cardiology at the University of Texas Southwestern Medical Center in Dallas.
This is the second study to look at valve-associated heart failure, but previous research on valve-type heart failure has not examined its association with age.
Mice that have had valve-blockage develop a genetic predispositional condition called clozapine-induced myocarditis, which is associated with valve failure, as is the case for some other valve-linked heart failure types.
Zethry is studying the relationship between valve-dependent valve blockages and myocardial infarction (MI) and is also working on an unrelated research project on valve dysfunction in patients with type 2 diabetes.
Maintain a healthy weight for the rest of your life and keep eating at least twice a day to keep your blood pressure and cholesterol levels under control, he recommends.
“There are many different things that are happening in your body that are contributing to the problem, and the best way to prevent these things from happening is to maintain a healthy body weight,” he says, adding that his study is ongoing.
A heart valve that can’t be repaired or replaced, or that leaks will eventually cause problems, can be fixed.
That means you need to get help for the problem from a specialist, Zethrys team says.
One of the most common types of valve-Associated Heart Failure is known as valve-Related Tachycardia, or VAT-T.
It’s associated with heart failure caused by other medical conditions, such as hypertension or diabetes, or by certain types of blood clotting.
Zithry says he has found the most serious cases in patients over 65 years old.
A patient with VAT may have a valve that is partially or fully filled with blood, and he may have valve-mediated valve blockaging, or a condition in which the valve is not completely filled, he explains.
Zenthry’s study, published in the Journal of the American Medical Association, also found that a small percentage of patients with valve- Related TachyCardia will develop heart failure when they age.
However, they are more likely to develop valve- related heart failure in people over 65, when they have valve dysfunction.
Zefry and his team are currently investigating the role of different factors in valve- associated heart failure including diet, physical activity, and genetic predisposing factors.
Mature, healthy weight is important for a healthy heart, so people should try to maintain that goal, Zefrys says.
“People with valve blockaged valve will die prematurely if they are unable to keep their blood pressures under control and blood cholesterol levels above healthy levels, which can be a sign of developing cardiovascular disease,” he adds.
Zebry also has a new study in the Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences looking at a new type of valve related heart disease called the valve-free valve.
This condition involves valve-like defects in a normal heart and has no symptoms or symptoms of valve block.
The findings are published online in the journal Heart.
This new study is the first to identify a genetic component of valve development in valve related cardiac failure, according to Moselys team.
The researchers hope their findings will lead to better treatments and new prevention strategies for valve related blockages, including a drug that can help protect against valve- and heart valve-driven valve blockagd.
You can learn more about heart disease at the American Heart Association website and follow the American College of Cardiology news.